You do this through the Department of Natural Resources Well Lot Tracking website here. Use the search menu on this website to find properties around your prospective property. You will need to get used to reading well logs to understand what they are telling you.
Remember that the cost of drilling a well right now is about $40 a foot. That does not include the cost of installing a pump and a line to your house. So if you have to drill a 300 foot deep well you are looking at $12,000. Hopefully you will only need to go down about 60 feet.
Historical well information may not be currently accurate because aquifers are always subject to change. But some info is certainly better than none.